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efipw v0.2 Released

January 30, 2010

I released v0.2 of my efipw tool originally discussed here.  It’s a complete rewrite in Python for a number of reasons (manageability, simplicity, and v0.1 stopped working on Snow Leopard at some point).

# lolCrypt: Apple's lolzy encryption function
def lolCrypt(input):
 output = ""
 for i in range(0, len(input)): output += (chr(ord(input[i]) ^ 170))
 return output

efipw is a tool a I wrote for two reasons: pentests & lab deployments.  Apple doesn’t provide administrators with a command line tool for changing EFI (a.k.a. Open Firmware) passwords – this is where efipw comes in.  These passwords may be employed to require physical access to boot off non-blessed drives, NetBoot shares, etc.  More information hereefipw allows root to set and reveal EFI passwords as well as set EFI modes.

Get efipw

usage: sudo ./efipw* -h

While doing some reverse engineering of Apple’s Open Firmware Password GUI utility, I found something I thought was interesting.  Depending on the length of the chosen password, several things may happen:

length = 0: not allowed (error given)
length = [1-48]: no error, password set correctly
length = [49-255]: fail silently (password not set and no error given)
length = 256: Open Firmware Password utility crashes
length > 256: a really unhelpful error is given, password not set

Isn’t 48 kind of an odd cutting off point?  I can understand 256 and the obvious off by one error going on here.  I assume whats being stored in nvram is ASCII-encoded.  If that’s true, then each password character consumes three ASCII characters (a % followed by two hex values).  So if the maximum password length that actually works is 48, that means nvram stores at most 48*3 = 144 ASCII values in that field in nvram, which is still kind of an odd number in my opinion.  If you have any ideas, comment below.

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